Gotthard Tunnel

Work on the 15-kilometre Gotthard Rail Tunnel between Göschenen and Airolo started in 1872. The break-through date was 29 February 1880; the official opening took place five months later on 1 August (Swiss National Day). The tunnel was a pioneering achievement for its time. The first steam train through the tunnel replaced the post coach over the Gotthard Pass. Next to Airolo station stands a monument (created in 1882) dedicated to the nearly 200 workers who died during construction of the tunnel.